How To Set Text Color And Background Color In Android Programmatically

This example will tell you how to set android.widget.TextView text foreground color and background color in source code. For other android UI components, it is similar to change foreground and background color like this.

1. Change TextView Foreground Background Color Programmatically Example.

android set textview foreground backgroud color example

There are one TextView and two Buttons in above screen. When you click the first button, it will change the text color in the TextView. When you click the second button, it will change the background color of the TextView.

2. Example Source Code.

  1. Create a new android project and select Empty Activity template. You can read How To Create New Android Studio Project to learn more.
  2. Then edit MainActivity java file and activity_main.xml file content as below.

2.1 Main Activity Java File.

MainActivity.java

package com.dev2qa.textviewcolor;

import android.graphics.Color;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.TextView;

import org.w3c.dom.Text;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        setTitle("dev2qa.com - Android Set TextView Foreground Background Color Example.");

        // Get the textview object.
        final TextView textView = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.text_view);

        // Get set text view foreground color button and make button text as normal.
        Button setForeGroundColorButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button_set_foreground_color);
        setForeGroundColorButton.setAllCaps(false);
        setForeGroundColorButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                textView.setTextColor(Color.BLUE);
            }
        });

        // Get set text view background color button.
        Button setBackGroundColorButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button_set_background_color);
        setBackGroundColorButton.setAllCaps(false);
        setBackGroundColorButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                textView.setBackgroundColor(Color.YELLOW);
            }
        });
    }
}

2.2 Main Activity Layout Xml File.

app / res / layout / activity_main.xml

<LinearLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/text_view"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="This is a textview."
        android:textSize="20dp"/>

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="horizontal">

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button_set_foreground_color"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:text="Set Foreground Color"/>

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button_set_background_color"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:text="Set Background Color" />

    </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>
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