Java Create File Examples

If you want to create a file in java. You have three ways to do that. This article will show you how to use java.io.File.createNewFile(), java.nio.file.Files and org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils.write() to create a file in java.

1. Use java.io.File.createNewFile().

This is the commonly used method, you should note the below tips.

  1. Create a java.io.File object with the file name. It can be a file name only like "abc.txt", or an absolute path like "c:/WorkSpace/test/abc.txt" , or a relative path like "test1/test2/abc.txt".
  2. Call the object’s createNewFile() method to create an empty file.
  3. The method returns true if the file is created successfully, and false if the file already exists.
  4. If the subdirectory in the path does not exist, it will throw java.io.IOException. So you had to make sure all the subfolder in the file path exists or has been created.
    New file location is CI\WorkSpace\dev2qa.com\Code\dev2qa.com.txt
    File exist.
    New file location is C:\WorkSpace\dev2qa.com\Code\test\dev2qa.com.txt
    java.io.IOExcegtion: System can not find the path specified.
            at java.io.WinNTFileSystem.createFileExclusively(Native Method)
            at java.io.File.createNewFile(Unknown Source)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.createFileUse]avaI0(CreateNewFile.java:63)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.createFileUse]avaIOExample(CreateNewFile.java:39)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.main(CreateNewFile.java:1?)
    New file location is C:\WorkSpace\dev2qa.com\Code\testRelative\dev2qa.com.txt
    java.io.IOExcegtion: System can not find the path.
            at java.io.WinNTFileSystem.createFileExclusively(Native Method)
            at java.io.File.createNewFile(Unknown Source)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.createFileUse]avaI0(CreateNewFile.java:63)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.createFileUse]avaIOExamplefgfeateflgyjile.java:43)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.main(CreateNewFile.java:1?)
    
  5. If the file path is none absolute, it will be created at the java project root folder or current directory where you run the java class.
  6. If you want to make the java program platform-independent, you should call the System.getProperty("file.separator") to get the default os path separator and use this to construct your path.
  7. Below is the java code example, you can see comments for more detail.
    	/* Use java.io.File.createNewFile(). */
    	public void createFileUseJavaIO(String filePath)
    	{
    		try 
    		{
    			/* First check filePath variable value. */
    			if(filePath!=null && filePath.trim().length()>0)
    			{
    				File fileObj = new File(filePath);
    				
    				String absoluteFilePath = fileObj.getAbsolutePath();
    				System.out.println("NewFile location is " + absoluteFilePath);
    				
    				/* If not exist. */
    				if(!fileObj.exists())
    				{		
    					boolean result = fileObj.createNewFile();
    					
    					if(result)
    					{
    						System.out.println("File " + filePath + " create success. ");
    					}
    				}else
    				{
    					System.out.println("File exist. ");
    				}
    			}
    		} catch (IOException ex) {
    			ex.printStackTrace();
    		}
    	}
    	
    	/* Test createFileUseJavaIO(String filePath) method with three scenario.
    	 * case1 : file name only.
    	 * case2 : absolute path.
    	 * case3 : relative path.
    	 * */
    	public void createFileUseJavaIOExample()
    	{
    		/* Create with only file name. */
    		String fileName = "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseJavaIO(fileName);
    		
    		/* Get path separator to make java code platform independent. */
    		String fileSep = System.getProperty("file.separator");
    		
    		/* Create with absolute path. */
    		
    		/* Get current working directory. */
    		String currDir = System.getProperty("user.dir");
    		/* Build a absolute path. */
    		String absoluteFilePath = currDir + fileSep + "test" + fileSep + "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseJavaIO(absoluteFilePath);
    		
    		/* Create with relative path. */
    		String relativeFilePath = "testRelative" + fileSep + "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseJavaIO(relativeFilePath);
    	}
    

2. Use java.nio.file.Files.

  1. The code is more simple than java.io.
  2. If the subdirectory in the file path does not exist, it will throw java.nio.file.NoSuchFileException. So like java.io, you should first create the subfolder then create the new file.
    java.nio.file.NoSuchFileExcegtion: testRelative\dev2qa.com.txt
            at sun.nio.fs.WindowsException.trans1ateToIOException(Unknown Source)
            at sun.nio.fs.WindowsException.rethrowAsIOException(Unknown Source)
            at sun.nio.fs.WindowsException.rethrowAsIOException(Unknown Source)
            at sun.nio.fs.WindowsFileSystemProvider.newByteChannel(Unknown Source)
            at java.nio.file.Files.newByteChannel(Unknown Source)
            at java.nio.file.Files.createFile(Unknown Source)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.createFileUseJavaNewI0(§§e§teNewFile.java:113)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.createFileUseJavaNewIOExample(CreateHe§File.java:1B§)
            at com.dev2qa.java.basic.file.CreateNewFile.main(CreateNewFile.java:19)
  3. Below is the java code example.
    	/* Use java.nio.file.Files to creat. */
    	public void createFileUseJavaNewIO(String filePath)
    	{
    		try
    		{
    			/* First create the Path object. */
    			Path filePathObj = Paths.get(filePath);
    			
    			Path result = Files.createFile(filePathObj);
    			
    			System.out.println("Create " + filePath + " success. ");
    			
    			/* Show absolute path to see different filePath case real file location.*/
    			String fileAbsoultePath = result.toFile().getAbsolutePath();
    			System.out.println("File absolute path is " + fileAbsoultePath);
    		}catch(Exception ex)
    		{
    			ex.printStackTrace();
    		}
    	}
    	/* Test createFileUseJavaNewIO(String filePath) method with three scenario.
    	 * case1 : file name only.
    	 * case2 : absolute path.
    	 * case3 : relative path.
    	 * case1 and case3 will create the file under project root folder or current java class run folder.
    	 * */
    	public void createFileUseJavaNewIOExample()
    	{
    		/* Create with only file name. */
    		String fileName = "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseJavaNewIO(fileName);
    		
    		/* Get path separator to make java code platform independent. */
    		String fileSep = System.getProperty("file.separator");
    		
    		/* Create with absolute path. */
    		
    		/* Get current working directory. */
    		String currDir = System.getProperty("user.dir");
    		/* Build a absolute path. */
    		String absoluteFilePath = currDir + fileSep + "test" + fileSep + "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseJavaNewIO(absoluteFilePath);
    		
    		/* Create with relative path. */
    		String relativeFilePath = "testRelative" + fileSep + "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseJavaNewIO(relativeFilePath);
    	}
    	
    

3. Use Apache Commons IO (org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils.write()).

This is the simplest and easiest way to create a file in java. But you need to note the below issues.

  1. You should download and add Apache Commons IO jar into your java project. You can read Java Copy Directory Examples for more detail.
  2. Apache Commons IO will create the none exist subfolder automatically when it creates the file. No exception will be thrown.
  3. Below is the java code example.
    	/* Use Apache commons io to create new file. */
    	public void createFileUseApacheCommonsIO(String filePath)
    	{
    		try
    		{
    			File fileObj = new File(filePath);
    			
    			/* Call FileUtils.write to create the file and write some data in it. */
    			FileUtils.write(fileObj, "hello dev2qa.com");
    			
    			System.out.println("Create " + filePath + " success. ");
    			
    			String fileAbsoultePath = fileObj.getAbsolutePath();
    			System.out.println("File absolute path is " + fileAbsoultePath);
    		}catch(Exception ex)
    		{
    			ex.printStackTrace();
    		}
    	}
    
    	/* Test createFileUseApacheCommonsIO(String filePath) method with three scenario.
    	 * case1 : file name only.
    	 * case2 : absolute path.
    	 * case3 : relative path.
    	 * case1 and case3 will create the file under project root folder or current java class run folder.
    	 * */
    	public void createFileUseApacheCommonsIOExample()
    	{
    		/* Create with only file name. */
    		String fileName = "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseApacheCommonsIO(fileName);
    		
    		/* Get path separator to make java code platform independent. */
    		String fileSep = System.getProperty("file.separator");
    		
    		/* Create with absolute path. */
    		
    		/* Get current working directory. */
    		String currDir = System.getProperty("user.dir");
    		/* Build an absolute path. */
    		String absoluteFilePath = currDir + fileSep + "test" + fileSep + "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseApacheCommonsIO(absoluteFilePath);
    		
    		/* Create with relative path. */
    		String relativeFilePath = "testRelative" + fileSep + "dev2qa.com.txt";
    		this.createFileUseApacheCommonsIO(relativeFilePath);
    	}
    

4. Java Main Method.

  1. Below is the java main method of this example, it will invoke all the above methods to demo how to create a file in java source code programmatically.
    	public static void main(String[] args) {
    		
    		CreateNewFile cnf = new CreateNewFile();
    		
    		//cnf.createFileUseJavaIOExample();
    		
    		//cnf.createFileUseJavaNewIOExample();
    		
    		cnf.createFileUseApacheCommonsIOExample();
    	}
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